Tuesday, June 16, 2009


Forex is a Swedish financial services company. The company was started in 1927 as a currency exchange service for travellers, at the Central Station in Stockholm. The owner of Gyllenspet's Barber Shop, according to the legend, discovered that most of his customers were tourists in need of currency for their trips. So he started keeping the major currencies on hand.
The company was subsequently acquired by Statens Järnvägar, the Swedish State Railways, which expanded the operations until it was sold off to one of the managers, Rolf Friberg, in 1965. The company was the only one apart from the banks that was licensed to conduct currency exchange in Sweden.
The company, which is still wholly owned by the Friberg family, has expanded into Denmark and Finland and has over 50 shops, usually located at train stations or airports. The decrease in the business brought on by introduction of the Euro has made the company look for alternative sources of revenue, like applying for a banking license and attempting to move into more regular transaction services, earlier handled by the Swedish postal service.


Citibank began operations in Hong Kong in 1902, thus becoming the first foreign bank to offer its services there. Citibank (Hong Kong) Limited is a licensed bank incorporated in Hong Kong. It is traded with the Chinese trading name 花旗銀行 (formerly 萬國寶通銀行). An office tower, the Citibank Plaza, in Garden Road, Central, Hong Kong is named after the bank.

[edit] Company Profile
Citibank Hong Kong has a network of 25 branches spread over Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, New Territories and Macao .

[edit] Awards
• 2008: Awarded Best Flexible Work Practices by the Hong Kong HR Awards• 2008: SME’s Best Partner Award• 2008: Asian Banker Achievement Awards• 2007: Supreme Service Award• 2007: Best Practice Awards• 2007: Best Bank in Wealth Management Award• 2007: awarded the Best Foreign Bank by FinanceAsia• 2007: awarded the Best Foreign Cash Management Bank by Asiamoney• 2007: awarded the Overall Best Global Private Bank by Asiamoney magazine for the 3rd time• 2007: recognized as the Best Equity House by Euromoney• 2007: awarded the Excellence in Wealth Management Award by Asian Banker• 2007: awarded the Best Wealth Management Bank (Citigold) by Capital Magazine.• 2004: Selected Most Preferred Bank by Asia’s Top 1,000 Brand Listing.

Bangladesh Forex

In 1971, East Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh with the Pakistan Rupee as domestic currency. The taka became Bangladesh's currency in 1972, replacing the Pakistani rupee at par. The word "taka" is derived from the Sanskrit term tanka which was an ancient denomination of silver coin. The term taka was widely used in different parts of India but with varying meanings. In north India, taka was a copper coin equal to two paise and in the south, it was equal to four paisa or one anna. It was only in Bengal and Orissa where taka was equal to the rupee. In all areas of India, taka was used informally for money in general. However, Bengal was the stronghold of the taka.
The rupee was introduced by the Turko-Afghan rulers and was strongly upheld by the Mughals and the British rulers. The Bengali people always used the word taka for the rupee, whether silver or gold. Ibn Battuta, the Arab traveller, noticed that, in Bengal, people described gold coins (Dinar) as gold tanka and silver coin as silver tanka. In other words, whatever might be the metallic content of the coin, the people called it taka. This tradition has been followed to this day in eastern regions like Bangladesh, West Bengal, Tripura, Orissa, and Assam. The Indian rupee is officially known as টাকা ṭaka in Bengali, টকা tôka in Assamese, and ଟଙ୍କା ṭôngka in Oriya, and is written as such on Indian banknotes.

[edit] Issuing authority
Currency notes and coins of the taka are issued by the Bangladesh Bank which is the central bank of Bangladesh. Currency notes bear the signature of the governor of the Bangladesh Bank who promises to pay the equivalent value in exchange. The exception is the one taka note. In this case it is the Ministry of Finance of the Government of Bangladesh that shoulders the responsibility. One taka notes bear the signature of the Finance Secretary to the government.

[edit] Value fluctuation
At independence the value of the taka, Bangladesh's unit of currency, was set between 7.5 and 8.0 to US$1.[1] With the exception of fiscal year 1978, the taka's value relative to the dollar declined every year from 1971 through the end of 1987.[1] To help offset this phenomenon, Bangladesh first used the compensatory financing facility of the International Monetary Fund in fiscal year 1974.[1] Despite the increasing need for assistance, the Mujib government was initially unwilling to meet the IMF's conditions on monetary and fiscal policy.[1] By fiscal year 1975, however, the government revised its stance, declaring a devaluation of the taka by 56 percent and agreeing to the establishment by the World Bank of the Bangladesh Aid Group.[1]
Between 1980 and 1983, the taka sustained a decline of some 50 percent because of a deterioration in Bangladesh's balance of payments.[1] Between 1985 and 1987, the taka was adjusted in frequent incremental steps, stabilizing again around 12 percent lower in real terms against the United States dollar, but at the same time narrowing the difference between the official rate and the preferential secondary rate from 15 percent to 7.5 percent.[1] Accompanying this structural adjustment was an expansion in the amount of trade conducted at the secondary rate, to 53 percent of total exports and 28 percent of total imports.[1] In mid-1987, the official rate was relatively stable, approaching less than Tk31 to US$1.[1]

Egypt Forex

Egypt, officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia. Covering an area of about 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,660 sq mi), Egypt borders Libya to the west, Sudan to the south and the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east. Its northern coast borders the Mediterranean Sea; the eastern coast borders the Red Sea.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa. The great majority of its estimated 80 million people (2007) live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable agricultural land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in the densely-populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artefacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.

Behrain Forex

Bahrain, officially known as the Kingdom of Bahrain, is an island country in the Persian Gulf. Saudi Arabia lies to the west and is connected to Bahrain by the King Fahd Causeway (officially opened on November 25, 1986), and Qatar is to the south across the Gulf of Bahrain. The Qatar–Bahrain Friendship Bridge being planned will link Bahrain to Qatar as the longest fixed link in the world[1].
The following topic outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Bahrain:


The foreign exchange market (Currency, Forex, or FX) market is where currency trading takes place. It is where banks and other official institutions facilitate the buying and selling of foreign currencies. [1]FX transactions typically involve one party purchasing a quantity of one currency in exchange for paying a quantity of another. The foreign exchange market that we see today started evolving during the 1970s when worldover countries gradually switched to floating exchange rate from their erstwhile exchange rate regime, which remained fixed as per the Bretton Woods system till 1971.
Today, the FX market is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, corporations, governments, and other institutions. The average daily volume in the global foreign exchange and related markets is continuously growing. Traditional daily turnover was reported to be over US$3.2 trillion in April 2007 by the Bank for International Settlements.[2] Since then, the market has continued to grow. According to Euromoney's annual FX Poll, volumes grew a further 41% between 2007 and 2008.[3]
The purpose of FX market is to facilitate trade and investment. The need for a foreign exchange market arises because of the presence of multifarious international currencies such as US Dollar, Pound Sterling, etc., and the need for trading in such currencies.


Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, and Sudan to the northwest, with the Indian Ocean running along the southeast border. The country is named after Mount Kenya, a very significant landmark,[1][2] and both were originally usually pronounced ˈkiːnjə[3] in English although the native pronunciation and the one intended by the original transcription Kenia was ˈkenia.[4] During the presidency of Jomo Kenyatta in the 1960s, the current pronunciation ˈkɛnjə became widespread in English too because his name was pronounced according to the original native pronunciation.[5] Before 1920, the area now known as Kenya was known as the British East Africa Protectorate and so there was no need to mention mount when referring to the mountain